Washington, D.C. Founded in 1969 by economist Reed Irvine (chairman) and other “concerned citizens.” Cliff Kincaid, director; Roger Aronoff, editor. Who We Are
. Controlled opposition, beyond all doubt
“The apparently defunct Advancement of Sound Science Coalition (TASSC) was founded primarily by Philip Morris in 1993″ … and was “an industry-funded PR front group run by APCO Worldwide.” …
HQ: El Segundo, CA., with 19 other locations across the USA. Founded 1960. Mission: “To be the leading architect of the country’s national-security space program and a principal technical resource for programs of national significance.” Wanda M. Austin – president & CEO. Board of Trustees. Corporate Officers
Arlington, VA. Founded in 1988 in Redwood City, CA. Is “an industry-funded organization
which advocates lower taxes [for the rich & corporations
] and less regulation. …part of the stable of conservative think tanks
with their commentary regularly posted on the websites of the Cato Institute
, Heartland Institute
, Competitive Enterprise Institute
, Science and Environmental Policy Project
and other websites.” Funded by the likes of Philip Morris, Microsoft, the Bradley
, and Philip M. McKenna Foundation
s and the Koch brothers. Ken Brown – president (ca. 2008).
Pittsburgh, PA. Founded 1995. “Our mission is to defend the interests of taxpayers, citizens and businesses against an increasingly burdensome and intrusive government. [Uh-huh
.] To that end, we will formulate and advocate public policies that roll back the size and scope of local
government as well as create a more accountable government, etc.” Jake Haulk – president (Federal Reserve senior economist & head of regional research for Mellon Bank
.) Board Members
New York, NY; San Francisco; Tucson, AZ; Salt Lake City. Founded in 1971 “to promote the ‘mutually beneficial’ relationship between America and ‘Israel’.” Ostensible History
. ”A remarkably distinguished group of American leaders founded the AIFL in 1971. Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey, Senators Henry “Scoop” Jackson and Nelson A. Rockefeller, civil rights leader A. Philip Randolph, Raymond M. Patt, Herman Z. Quittman and Congressman Herbert Tenzer all served among the League’s founders.” Mortimer B. Zuckerman, Honorary President; Kenneth J. Bialkin, Chairman of the Board; Harley Lippman, President; Charlotte K. Frank, Chair of the Executive Committee, etc., etc
. Board of Directors
. Executive Staff
. (Len Blavatnik, Abie Foxman, Malcolm Hoenlein, Ronald Lauder, etc., etc., etc.)
Rome, Italy & New York, NY. Adele Chatfield-Taylor – president & CEO. Christopher Celenza – director. Board of Trustees
Formed in Feb. 2010 by Frederic V. Malek and Norm Coleman. “An action center for a new era in American history; an incubator of promising ideas and alternatives; and a catalyst for action to change our country’s course.” (Riiiiight>>>
) Board of Directors. Senator Norm Coleman
, Chairman, American Action Network and Senior Governmental Advisor, Hogan Lovells US LLP; Fred Malek
, Founder, American Action Network and Chairman, Thayer Lodging Group; Isaac Applbaum
, founding General Partner, Opus Capital; Maria Cino
, former President and CEO, Republican National Convention; Dylan Glenn
, Senior Vice President, Guggenheim Advisors; Ambassador Boyden Gray
, former U.S. Ambassador to the European Union; Senator Mel Martinez
, Chairman of Florida, Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean, JPMorgan Chase; Congressman Jim Nussle
, President and CEO, The Nussle Group; Congressman Tom Reynolds
, Senior Strategic Policy Advisor, Nixon Peabody; Ambassador Gregory Slayton
, Adjunct Professor, Tuck School of Business, Dartmouth College; Congressman Vin Weber
, Managing Partner, Clark and Weinstock.
Washington, DC. “Founded in 1991, the American Beverage Institute (ABI) is the only organization dedicated to the protection of responsible on-premise consumption of adult beverages.”
Founded in 2003 by Rachel Ehrenfeld
, the Manhattan-based American Center for Democracy (ACD) says on its website that it “monitors and exposes the enemies of freedom and their modus operandi, and explores pragmatic ways to counteract their methods.” Rachel Ehrenfeld – director. Board of Directors includes former Director of CIA R. James Woolsey; former Assistant Secretary of Defense Richard Perle; former U.S. Attorney General, Michael B. Mukasey; Dr. Nicholas Rostow, National Defense University; Leonard P. Shaykin, a Managing Partner of LambdaStar Infrastructure Partners; and David W. Hamon of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency. Board of Directors and Advisors
, and Team
ACPC was founded in 1999 by Freedom House, a neoconservative organization that has worked closely with the U.S. government, receiving funds from the National Endowment for Democracy
and other U.S. democratization initiatives. .. The American Committee for Peace in the Caucasus is an alliance of neoconservatives, liberal hawks, and peace activists working toward greater autonomy in the Caucasus, apparently with an eye to the emasculation of Russia for U.S. strategic benefit. Selected principals: Glen Howard: President, Max Kampelman: Co-Chair – Board of Directors, Richard Perle: Member, Frank Gaffney: Member, Elliott Abrams: Member, Midge Decter: Member, William Kristol: Member, Michael Ledeen: Member, James Woolsey: Member.
Alexandria, VA. Founded in 1964 by William F. Buckley and several other leading right-wing figures. Leadership: David A. Keene, Chairman; Dennis E. Whitfield, Executive Vice President; Thomas S. Winter, First Vice Chairman; Donald J. Devine, Second Vice Chairman; Jameson Campaigne Jr., Secretary. Board of Directors
(Jeffrey Bell, John Bolton, Morton Blackwell, and on and on.) Executive Staff
Washington D.C. “Our Experts:” Erwin Blackstone
, Patricia Born
, Anne Danehy
, Joseph Fuhr
, Len Merewitz
, Stephen Pociask
, Lawrence S. Powell
, Andy Puckett
, John W. Rollins
, Richard G. Stefanacci
, Mitch Wilk
Washington, DC. Founded in 1983 or so. Mark A. Bloomfield -President and CEO. Directors
, including Kenneth M. Duberstein, John Engler, George P. Shultz, Robert S. Strauss, Steven A. Wechsler,
and Mark A. Weinberger, just to name a few.
“The ACG was incorporated in 1952 in New York to encourage ‘reconciliation and understanding’ following the two disastrous wars in the first half of the 20th century. Among its early leaders were John J. and Ellen McCloy, General Lucius D. Clay, Christopher Emmet, Joseph Kaskell, Dr. George N. Shuster, and Eric M. Warburg.” Robert M. Kimmitt – Chairman. Board of Directors
, including Paul A. Volcker, Henry A. Kissinger, Klaus Kleinfeld, and Brent Scowcroft, only to name a few.
Incorporated in 1995. “In their previous life, the committees were affiliated with the Council on Foreign Relations, which created them in 1938 to the same ends that the new association affirms.” ACFR has member committees across the United States. John C. Bierley
- president. Board of Advisors
, including such stalwart figures as Herman Cohen, Charles Davidson, Stephen Flynn, Moises Naim & Walter P. Stern.
Alexandria, Virginia. Captain Eugene “Red” McDaniel – founder. Dorothy H. McDaniel – director. Board of Directors
New York, New York. Established by Sir David Wills in 1958 “to promote Anglo-American understanding.” Board of Directors
(Strobe TALBOTT, R Nicholas BURNS, Jami MISCIK, Stephen Joel TRACHTENBERG, David Aaron, etc., ad nauseum.) Advisory Committee
Washington D.C. Founded 1943. Key Personnel: Arthur C. Brooks, President (2009- ); David Gerson, Executive Vice President; Jason Bertsch, Henry Olsen, and Danielle Pletka, Vice Presidents; Bruce Kovner
, Chairman, Board of Trustees; James Q. Wilson, Chairman, Council of Academic Advisers. Board of Directors
Established in March, 1994 “exclusively for charitable, religious, educational, and literary purposes, including making distributions to organizations that qualify as exempt within the meaning of Section 501 (c) 3 of the Internal Revenue Code. The American Family Foundation accepts donations from the public in the form of both cash and merchandise, etc.” Lew Burdette – Executive Director.
DC. Founded in the mid-1970s by Col. Ralph Ropp. “The mission of the American Friends of Turkey is to support and strengthen relations between America and Turkey by deepening the understanding and appreciation of our two centuries of friendship.” Amb. Alan W. Lukens (Ret.) - president. Elizabeth W. Shelton – executive director. Board of Directors
Great Barrington, Massachusetts. Founded by Edward C. Harwood in 1933. Steven R. Cunningham – director. Charles E. Murray – previous director. Board of Trustees
Founded by John C. Flanagan in 1946. “AIR is one of the largest behavioral and social science research organizations in the world.” David Myers - president & CEO. Board of Directors
Princeton, New Jersey. Founded by Hooshang Amirahmadi in 1997. “This mission focuses upon bringing the two countries together through improved understanding and dialogue.” (Hmmm, with people like
Thomas Pickering and
Donna Shalala on your board, I wish you luck with that
.) Richard H. Matzke - co-chairman. Judith Kipper – director (ca. 2008). Board of Directors
Founded by Isaiah L. “Si” Kenen in 1963. Howard A. Kohr – executive director. Richard Fishman – managing director. Michael Kassen – president. Lee Rosenberg – previous president.
Robert Elman, President; Stanley Bergman, Chairmain; David Harris, Executive Director & chief propagandist.
* American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC)
Founded in 1973 “… to advance the Jeffersonian principles of free markets, limited government, federalism, and individual liberty, through a nonpartisan public-private partnership of America’s state legislators, members of the private sector, the federal government, and general public.” Sounds good, but it’s the usual line of bullshet: “llinois State Rep. Henry Hyde, conservative activist Paul Weyrich, and Lou Barnett, a veteran of then Gov. Ronald Reagan’s 1968 presidential campaign, together with a handful of others, launched the American Legislative Exchange Council. Among those who were involved with ALEC in its formative years were: Robert Kasten and Tommy Thompson of Wisconsin; John Engler of Michigan; Terry Branstad of Iowa, and John Kasich of Ohio, all of whom moved on to become governors or members of Congress, etc.” Board of Directors
. Board of Scholars
“The nation’s largest grassroots Catholic pro-life organization.” So, they can’t be all bad.
Washington, DC. Est. 1919. “API Represents America’s Oil and Natural Gas Industry.” Jack N. Gerard – president and CEO. API Members
Washington, D.C. Founded ca. 2008 [?] “A grassroots action and education foundation dedicated to the promotion of free enterprise and limited government regulations over commerce and individuals.” Tom DeWeese – president. Board of Directors & Advisors
Founded in the 1950s by General Robert Wood, a decorated World War I veteran who help build the Sears Roebuck retail empire, and the Chicago Tribune’s Robert R. McCormick. The American Security Council (ASC)—not to be confused with the distinct though related American Security Council Foundation (ASCF)—was “Once described as the ‘heart and soul of the military-industrial complex,’ the American Security Council was an influential old-guard conservative group during the early Cold War that latter served as a key institutional vehicle for anti-détente militarism.” Notable members and supporters of the group have included Jeane Kirkpatrick
, John S. Foster, Jr
., William Van Cleave
, Clare Booth Luce, atomic physicists Edward Teller and Eugene Wigner, and Charles Burton Marshall. …In the mid-1970s, the ASC, under the leadership of retired FBI agent and Sears executive John Fisher, spearheaded the creation of the Coalition for Peace through Strength, a hardline anti-Soviet umbrella group that lobbied for the expansion of the military budget and fought passage of arms control agreements like the SALT nuclear treaties. …According to Fisher, ASF and American Security Council Foundation formally merged in 1997.
Washington D.C. Founded 1958. “Originally founded under the name the Institute for American Strategy in the late 1950s, with the goal of pushing the United States to aggressively roll back Soviet influence around the world by adopting a policy of ‘“protracted conflict.’” ”Peace Through Strength.” Henry A. Fischer – president. Board of Directors
- Brig. Gen. Donald B. Smith; Henry A. Fischer; Gen. Frederick Kroesen; Dan Corrigan; Elly Manov; Betsy Fischer; Robert D. Johnson; Bill McCollum; David C. Nolte; George Pataki; Mark Renehan; Jack L. Tilley; Robert H. Spiro, Jr.; Xavier I. Piedra.
DC. Founded in 1989, by a group of leading tax practitioners and academics. “ATPI´s primary purpose is to promote and facilitate non-partisan scholarly research analysis and discussion of U.S. federal, state and local tax policy issues.” Victoria J. Perry, President; Michael L. Schler, Immediate Past President; Michael Hirschfeld, VP; N. Jerold Cohen, Secretary. Jewish Trustees & Officers
Washington, DC. Founded 1988. “The American Turkish Council is an influential beltway organization chaired by former Bush Deputy Secretary of State Richard Armitage that serves as a conduit for U.S.-Turkish relations despite being marred by scandals involving bribery of government officials.” (Read more at link
.) Selected Principals: Richard Armitage: Chairman, Board of Directors; James Howard Holmes: President (since 2004); Daniel Pipes: Former Board Member. Board of Directors
. Executive Committee
. Advisory Board
. Membership List
District Of Criminals, Washington. “Civil Rights, Social Action, Advocacy.” Guidestar: “This organization’s exempt status was automatically revoked by the IRS for failure to file a Form 990, 990-EZ, 990-N, or 990-PF for 3 consecutive years. Further investigation and due diligence are warranted.” 2000 990 tax return merely shows Cleta (Deatherage) Mitchell as being president.
Founded in 2001 by then-Bradley Foundation head Michael Joyce at the behest of Karl Rove, George W. Bush’s personal adviser, Americans for Community and Faith-Centered Enterprise (together with its sister organization, the Foundation for Community and Faith-Centered Enterprise
) was created to push for the president’s faith-based initiatives. Jeffrey Bell
, researcher/lobbyist, Foundation for Community and Faith-Centered Enterprise; William J. Bennett
, Board of Visitors, Foundation for Community and Faith-Centered Enterprise; Michael Joyce
, founder; William Kristol
, Board of Trustees, Foundation for Community and Faith-Centered Enterprise; Richard John Neuhaus
, Board of Visitors, Foundation for Community and Faith-Centered Enterprise; Karl Rove
“…was established in 1981 to mobilize support for the Israeli peace movement, Shalom Achshav (Peace Now), and has since developed into the most prominent American Jewish, Zionist organization working to achieve a comprehensive political settlement to the Arab-Israeli conflict.” [NOT
.] Debra DeLee, President and CEO; Martin Bresler, Chair; Jo-Ann Mort, Vice Chair. Controlled opposition, most part. Leadership
Americans for Victory over Terrorism (AVOT) was founded shortly after the 9/11 attacks by a number of conservatives led by former Education Secretary William Bennett
to press for an aggressive “war on terror.” By 2005, AVOT had merged with the Claremont Institute
, a rightist policy center based in Claremont, California, that has hosted a number of high-profile neoconservative figures and acolytes of the political theorist Leo Strauss
. | Board of Advisors: William J. Bennett
, Lawrence Kadish, Brian T. Kennedy
, Seth Leibsohn
; Tom Karako
. Board of Directors: Bruce C. Sanborn
, chairman; Larry P. Arnn
, vice-chairman, etc.
HQ: Boston, Massachusetts (10 locations in U.S. and Canada.) Founded 1981. “Analysis Group provides economic, financial, and business strategy consulting to law firms, corporations, and government agencies.” Martha S. Samuelson – president & CEO. Bruce E. Stangle
- Chairman. Board of Directors
. Staff of 500
. 100s of Experts
* Anti-Defamation League of B’nai B’rith (ADL)
>>>ADL National Commission, 2011
, ADL National Executive Committee, 2011
; ADL National Commission, 2009-10 (A-L)
, ADL National Commission, 2009-10 (M-Z)
; Anti-Defamation League (ADL) Regional Offices
: Arizona (Phoenix) – all of Arizona
; Atlanta (“Southeast”) – Georgia, Alabama, South Carolina and Tennessee
; Boston (“New England”) – Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont
; Chicago (“Greater Chicago/Upper Midwest”) – Illinois, Indiana, Wisconsin, Minnesota, North Dakota and South Dakota
; Cleveland (“Ohio/Kentucky/Allegheny”) – Ohio, Kentucky, West Virginia and western Pennsylvania
; Connecticut (Hamden) – all of Connecticut
; Dallas – North Texas and Oklahoma
; DC – Washington DC, Maryland, Virginia and North Carolina
; Denver (“Mountain States”) – Colorado and Wyoming
; Detroit – all of Michigan
; Florida (Boca Raton) – all of Florida
; Houston/Austin (“Southwest”) – Southern Texas
; Las Vegas – all of Nevada
; Los Angeles (“Pacific Southwest” – Los Angeles, San Bernardino, Riverside and Kern counties
; New Jersey (West Orange) – all of New Jersey
; New Mexico (Albuquerque) – all of New Mexico
; New Orleans (“South Central”) – Louisiana, Mississippi and Arkansas
; New York (New York City) – all of New York State
; Omaha (“Plains States”) – Nebraska, Iowa and Kansas
; Orange County, Long Beach
; Philadelphia – Eastern Pennsylvania and Delaware
; San Diego – San Diego and Imperial Counties
; San Francisco (“Central Pacific”) – Northern California and all of Utah and Hawaii
; Santa Barbara (“Santa Barbara/Tri-Counties”) – Santa Barbara, Ventura and San Luis Obispo Counties
; Seattle (“Pacific Northwest”) – Washington, Oregon, Montana, Idaho, and Alaska
; St. Louis – Missouri, Southern Illinois
The “Israel“-based Ariel Center for Policy Research (ACPR) is a hardline advocacy and research institute founded in 1997 that espouses a Likud Party line on Israeli security … Among its “contributing experts” are a number of U.S.-based researchers aligned with the U.S. pro-Israel right and the neoconservatives, including Meyrav Wurmser
and Anne Bayefsky
of the Hudson Institute
; Ilan Berman
, vice president of the American Foreign Policy Council
; Rachel Ehrenfeld
, head of the Center for the Study of Corruption; Frank Gaffney
of the Center for Security Policy
; and Irving Moskowitz, a California casino magnate who has underwritten settler groups in Israel and supported a number of neoconservative outfits, including the American Enterprise Institute
. Also included on its list of contributing experts are a number of former Israeli military and civilian leaders, including the Likud’s Benjamin Netanyahu, the former prime minister. … The Friends of the Ariel Center for Policy Research is a 501(c)(3) non-profit based in Brooklyn, New York, whose primary purpose, according to its 2005 Form 990 tax return, is “to support an academic policy and research center in Israel, and to produce, print, and publish research papers and studies.” Its total assets as of 2005 were more than $2 million, of which it gave some $260,000 to the Ariel Center in that year.
Washington, District of Criminals. Founded 1971. Arms control – for everyone but them
. Daryl Kimball, executive director; John Steinbruner, chairman. Board/Staff/Sponsors
Santa Monica, CA. …conducts a wide range of research and analysis for the Army. Research Staff
<I trust their research & recommendations, etc. Don’t you?
Ashland University in Ashland, Ohio. Founded 1983. An academic center of the American conservative movement, the Ashbrook Center for Public Affairs has been a vigorous defender of the war on terrorism and an unequivocal supporter for “Israel“. Board of Advisors: Marvin J. Krinsky, Robert D. Alt, William G. Batchelder, J. Kenneth Blackwell, James Buchenwald, David M. Bush, David L. Carto, David J. Eichinger, D. Rex Elsass, Frederick Finks, Christopher Flannery, Jeffrey S. Gorman, Bill Harris, Steven F. Hayward, Charles F. Hayward, Charles R. Kesler, Robert D. Kessler, William Kristol
, Douglas R. Kurkul, Richard Lowry, Nancy Van Meter Matia, Matt Miller, Joseph Robertson, IV, Peter W. Schramm, Rick Segal, Paula Steiner, David Tucker, Thomas B. Whatman, Christopher L. White. Former Guest Lecturers: William Voegeli, Jonah Goldberg, Robert Alt, Mitt Romney, John Kasich, Steven Hayward, Jeb Bush, Glenn Beck, Karl Rove
, James McPherson, David Hackett Fischer, William Bennett, Edwin Meese
, Barbara Bush, Benjamin Netanyahu, Clarence Thomas, Margaret Thatcher, Dick Cheney
, Ronald Reagan.
“APPC, incorporated in the Philippines on August 24, 2001, is a non-stock, non-profit research and training organization committed to advancing the understanding of policy and investment options for poverty reduction and rural development in Asia and the Pacific.” Board & Fellows
A U.S. Department of Defense academic institute that officially opened Sept. 4, 1995, in Honolulu, Hawaii. Leadership
- Dan “Fig” Leaf, Lt. Gen. (Ret.), U.S. Air Force
; James T. Hirai, Brig. Gen. (Ret.), U.S. Army
; Lauren Kahea Moriarty, Ambassador (Ret.)
; Richard Sears, Capt. (Ret.), U.S. Navy
; Charles B. Salmon, Jr., Ambassador (Ret.)
New York, New York. Founded in 1956 by John D. Rockefeller 3rd, Asia Society is a ‘nonpartisan, nonprofit’ institution with headquarters in New York
, centers in Hong Kong
, and affiliated offices in Los Angeles
, San Francisco
, and Washington, DC.
. “..the leading educational organization dedicated to promoting mutual understanding and strengthening partnerships among peoples, leaders and institutions of Asia and the United States in a global context.” Ronnie C. Chan, Co-Chair; Henrietta H. Fore, Co-Chair. Betsy Z. Cohen; Lewis B. Kaden; Harold McGraw III; John S. Wadsworth, Jr. – vice-chairmen. Board of Directors
. Our People
Gainesville, Florida. Founded 1994. “..seeks to assist Florida’s citizens in examining the critical issues facing our state and in assessing ways to address these issues.” David Colburn – director (2008).
Washington D.C. Founded in 1950 by Walter Paepcke. Walter Isaacson – President and CEO; Elliot Gerson
- Executive Vice President of Policy and Public Programs; Robert K. Steel
- Chairman; Henry E. Catto
– Vice Chairman. Leadership & Board of Trustees
(Madeleine K. Albright
, James Schine Crown
, Michael D. Eisner
, Stephen Friedman
[Federal Reserve Chairman of New York and Chairman for Stone Point Capitol, LLC], Jane Harman
, David Koch
, Leonard A. Lauder
, Margot L. Pritzker
, etc., etc.)
Washington, DC. “Dedicated to improving public policy and management by fostering excellence in research, analysis and education”. ”Andy Feldman, APPAM Member, launched a video interview blog. Interviewees: Helen Ladd
, Duke University, on the link between poverty and student achievement and the implications for policy; Bruce Katz
, Brookings Institution; Beth Blauer
, Director of StateStat, on Maryland’s StateStat initiative; Harry Holzer
, Georgetown University; Carolyn Heinrich
, University of Texas at Austin. Policy Council
* Association on Third World Affairs, Inc. (ATWA)
<site “under construction.”
Washington D.C. Founded: 1967. “ATWA, a nonprofit organization, seeks to provide all possible information and ideas on important and controversial subjects of great current interest. This is done mainly through Capitol Hill conferences-about four per year -which bring together members of Congress and staff, foreign ambassadors and other policy makers and opinion leaders.” Lorna Hahn – director (2008). Not enough information, but it doesn’t look good.
Washington D.C. Founded in 1961 by Christian Herter,Will Clayton, William Foster & Theodore Achilles. “A preeminent, non partisan institution devoted to promoting transatlantic cooperation and international security.” Frederick Kempe
– President and CEO. Board of Directors
, chairman; Richard Edelman, Walter B. Slocombe, Carol C. Adelman, Richard L. Armitage, Paula Dobriansky, Stuart E. Eizenstat, Henry A. Kissinger, Dov S. Zakheim – to cite only a few of the usual “suspects.” Staff
“AIMS is an independent, non-partisan social and economic public policy think tank based in Halifax, NS. It examines such crucial issues as public education, health care, public finances, equalization, natural resources, Atlantica and demographics.” Board of Directors
Washington D.C. Founded in 1981 by Antony Fisher. “A ‘nonprofit’ organization connecting a global network of more than 400 ‘free-market ‘organizations in over 80 countries to the ideas and resources needed to ‘advance the cause of liberty’.” Alejandro Chafuen – president. Board of Directors
(Dan Grossman – chairman; Chuck Albers, John Blundell, etc.)
Rice University, Houston, TX. Est. 1993 … named for its honorary chairman James A. Baker III (Reagan’s chief of staff, George H. W. Bush’s Secretary of State, etc.) Edward P. Djerejian
- Founding Director. Board of Advisers
Aberdeen, Maryland. Founded by Gordon Battelle in 1929. “Economic Development, Education, Foreign Policy, and National Security Research Center.” Jeffrey Wadsworth, president & CEO; I. Martin Inglis
, VP & CFO. Executives & Board Members
Benador Associates: This now defunct speakers bureau and PR firm played an important role promoting neoconservative voices in the U.S. media after 9/11. Founded days before the 9/11 terrorist attacks by Eleana Benador
, Benador Associates
was a speakers bureau-cum-public relations firm whose core clientele consisted of neoconservatives and other proponents of an aggressive “war on terror.” Among the firm’s more well known speakers were Frank Gaffney
of the Center for Security Policy
, Richard Perle
, Michael Ledeen
, Michael Rubin
, and former CIA director James Woolsey
. Benador Public Relations is the successor company to Benador Associates, a PR firm that played a key role promoting major neoconservative figures during the first George W. Bush administration. Eliana Benador
; Gabriel Benador (her son).
Beverley Hills, CA. “Dedicated to exploring new ideas of good governance. The NBI is an independent, non-partisan think tank which – with the commitment and dedication of elder statesmen and women, global thinkers, leading entrepreneurs who volunteer their time and advice – engages in the design and implementation of systems of governance suited to the new and complex challenges of the 21st century.” Who We Are
Berkeley, California. Founded 1982. Stephen S. Cohen, Director; John Zysman, Co-Director. Board of Directors
The Graduate Center, CUNY, New York, New York. Founded by Albert Bildner in 1982. Mauricio A. Font, Desmond Arias - directors. Board of Directors
Rockville, Maryland. “Founded in 1957 to encourage development and dissemination of knowledge in biophysics. ..Each year, the Society holds an Annual Meeting
, which brings together over 6,000 research scientists in the multidisciplinary fields representing biophysics.” Executive Board and Council
. I would not trust these people as far as I could throw Jim Fetzer.
Arlington, Virginia. Founded in 1979 by its president, Morton C. Blackwell
, LI provides training in campaigns, fundraising, grassroots organizing, youth politics, and communications. Staff
Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Founded in 1942. Michael W. Grebe – President & CEO. Terry Considine – director. Board of Directors
London, EN. Founded 1987. “BASIC is a small but influential think tank with one very large idea: we want a world free from the threat of nuclear weapons.” Paul Ingram – director. Board of Directors
Washington D.C. Founded in 1916 by Robert S. Brookings. Strobe Talbot – president. John L. Thornton – chair. Board of Trustees
(Richard C. Blum [mishpucka Dianne Feinstein's mishpucka husband], Abby Joseph Cohen [Goldman Sachs], Jeffrey W. Greenberg, Kenneth M. Jacobs [Chairman and CEO, Lazard Frères & Co. LLC], Haim Saban, Andrew H. Tisch are just a few
“To set the policy debate in Ohio by researching and promoting relevant, data-driven solutions to Ohio’s most pressing public policy issues.”
Founded by Don Sutherland, William Sutherland. “Scholarly writings.”
“In 1933 Secretary of Commerce Daniel C. Roper decided that he could benefit from the advice and counsel of public-spirited leaders of demonstrated success in their conduct of business affairs. The idea had been formulated by investment banker Sidney J. Weinberg, who felt that the government had relatively little business expertise at its disposal when it made decisions affecting that segment of society. After discussing the idea with some of his business acquaintances, Mr. Roper selected about 50 executives who agreed to serve without compensation of any kind as members of a new Business Advisory Council for the Department of Commerce.” Sooo, with Weinberg advising, the Council was off to a roaring, honest, surefire start – at a pace it maintains to this day
. James Dimon, Chairman & CEO, JPMorgan Chase & Co. – chairman. Angela F. Braly, Chairman, President & CEO, WellPoint, Inc.; Louis R. Chenevert, Chairman & CEO, United Technologies Corporation; Henry R. Kravis, Founding Partner, Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co.; Andrew N. Liveris, Chairman & CEO, The Dow Chemical Company – vice chairmen. Former Chairmen
. Executive Committee
(Members: Jeffrey P. Bezos, Founder & CEO, Amazon.com; Kenneth Chenault, Chairman & CEO, American Express Company; David M. Cote, Chairman & CEO, Honeywell; James Goodnight, Chairman, President & CEO, SAS Institute Inc.; Peter T. Grauer, Chairman, Bloomberg, Inc.; Ellen J. Kullman, Chairman & CEO, E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company; James W. Owens, Chairman & CEO Emeritus, Caterpillar Inc.; Rex W. Tillerson, Chairman & CEO, Exxon Mobil Corporation; Patricia A. Woertz, Chairman, CEO & President, Archer Daniels Midland Company.) Philip E. Cassidy – executive director. Active Members
(Jeffrey L. Bewkes, Lloyd C. Blankfein, Stephen A. Schwarzman and a hundred more
Austin, TX. Began in 1992 by..a few company leaders in the Gulf of Mexico region. “A non-profit business association that provides opportunities for its members to work on authentic sustainability projects with industry, governmental and other key stakeholders who might not otherwise have the chance to collaborate and network. ..a partner of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development, a global network of 200 international companies with members drawn from 30 countries and 20 major industrial sectors.” Executive Committee
- Andrew Mangan, US BCSD, Executive Director; Mike Gromacki, Dixie Chemical, Chairman; David Carroll, Lafarge; Chuck Fowler, Fairmount Minerals; Mary Margaret Hamilton, Shell; Jim Morriss, Thompson & Knight; Martine Stolk, Dow Chemical; Sabrina Watkins, ConocoPhillips.
Washington D.C. Founded in 1982 by Stanley A. Weiss. Joseph E. Robert, Jr., Stanley A. Weiss, Montgomery C. Meigs, Donald S. Hays – directors. Bruce E. Mosler
- Interim Chairman. Board of Directors
(Maurice R. Greenberg, Paul G. Stern, etc.) Advisory Council
(Henry A. Kissinger, Robert E. Rubin, William H. Webster, Michael V. Hayden, etc.) Leadership & Staff
. Comprised of criminals and terrorists from start to finish
Washington, DC. Founded in 1999. “The nation’s pre-eminent think tank for campaign finance policy.” Michael J. Malbin -founder/executive director. Board of Trustees
(Jeffrey Bell, David Cohen, Kenneth A. Gross, etc.) Scoundrels.
Syracuse, New York. Founded by Alan K. Campbell in 1932. Grant Reeher – director. Board of Directors
Founded in 1984 by Willa Johnson
(Heritage Foundation). “A conservative think tank whose stated mission is to do ‘opposition research’ exposing the funding sources behind consumer, health and environmental groups.” Sourcewatch continued> “CRC claims that exposing the funding of these groups is important because “sunshine–the glare of public scrutiny–is ‘the best of all disinfectants.’” But CRC doesn’t seem to think its own hidden agenda should receive public scrutiny. The CRC website does not give any indicator of where it gets its own funding, and it has not responded to queries from PR Watch
staff. The CRC’s Form 990 can be referenced here
.” Board of Directors (2011): Terrence Scanlon
, President/Chairman since 1994, and a former Vice President at the Heritage Foundation
; Gilbert Collins
, Director, and also on the board of the Grassroot Institute of Hawaii
, and the Independent Institute
in Oakland , CA; Beverley Danielson
, Director, and formerly of the Institute of World Politics
; Edwin Meese III
, Director; Marion G. Wells
, Vice President, and Trustee with the Heritage Foundation
; Thomas S. Winter
, former Editor-in-Chief of Human Events
Washington, DC; William Meyersohn
, Florida Real Estate Professional.
New York, New York. Founded by Andrew Carnegie in 1914. Joel H. Rosenthal – president; Eva Becker – vice president. John Tessitore, Melissa Semeniuk, etc. Board of Directors
Washington D.C. Founded in 1910 by Andrew Carnegie. Richard Giordano – chairman; Stephen R. Lewis, Jr. – Vice Chairman; Paul Balaran, Executive Vice-President. Board of Directors
Washington, DC. “Carnegie investigators are leaders in the fields of plant biology, developmental biology, Earth and planetary sciences, astronomy, and global ecology. The institution has six research departments: the Geophysical Laboratory and the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, both located in Washington, D.C.; The Observatories, in Pasadena, California, and Chile; the Department of Plant Biology and the Department of Global Ecology, in Stanford, California; and the Department of Embryology, in Baltimore, Maryland.” Board of Trustees
. 22 organizations
that bear Carnegie’s name.
Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia. Founded by Jimmy & Rosalynn Carter in 1982. John Hardman, president & CEO. Board of Directors
(Kent C. “Oz” Nelson, Terrence B. Adamson, Arthur M. Blank, Richard C. Blum, etc.)
Denver, CO. Founded 1993. ”During fiscal year 2007, the foundation awarded $2,538,000 to a variety of organizations and institutions, including legal foundations, right-wing think tanks, Christian ministries, and educational institutions. 2007 grantees included the Heritage Foundation, the David Horowitz
Freedom Center, the Institute on Religion and Public Life
, and the Manhattan Institute
.” Key personnel: Sally W. Rippe, executive director; John W. Jackson, National Program Advisor. Board of Trustees: William K. Coors, Ambassador Holland Coors, Jeffrey Coors, Peter Coors, and Reverend Robert G. Windsor.
Washington D.C. Founded in 1977 by Robert A. Levy (chairman.) “In 1977, the Kochs provided the funds to launch the nation’s first ‘libertarian’ think tank, the Cato Institute. According to the Center for Public Integrity, between 1986 and 1993 the Koch family gave eleven million dollars to the institute. Today, Cato has more than a hundred full-time employees, and its experts and policy papers are widely quoted and respected by the mainstream media. …” – http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2010/08/30/100830fa_fact_mayer#ixzz1IaYbwdBd
. Edward H. Crane – president. Board of Directors
“The Centre for the Study of Terrorism provides unique insights into the global trends in Islamic resurgence, democratisation, terrorism and extremism in the Muslim world by delivering an impartial, accurate and authoritative service.” Kamal el-Helbawy – Chairman; Mahan Abedin, Abdullah Faliq - Directors. | Center for the Study of Terrorism
): Bruce Hoffman – (US) Centre for the Study of Terrorism (Georgetown U’s Center for Peace and Security Studies; SITE Intelligence Group; Director of the Washington office of RAND corporation, etc
* Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence -
University of St Andrews in Scotland. Founded 1994. “Europe’s oldest centre for the study of political violence.” Bruce Hoffman
– founding director. Staff
Washington, DC. “The Center is pleased to announce its membership in the U.S. State Dept.’s Overseas Security Advisory Council.” Board Members
. Donate now (I’m being facete
Los Angeles, CA. “A non-profit foundation focused on meeting critical problems in the counter-terrorism and national security areas, with its primary objective of helping to provide better understanding of the evolving terrorist threats and effective responses…(that) draws on experts from academia, government, and the corporate sectors to provide policy and operational analysis.” http://terrorstudies.org/experts/
(<”Coming soon.”) They provide no info on who
they are at all.
Washington D.C., District of Criminals. Founded by Michèle Flournoy and Kurt M. Campbell in 2007. Leadership: Nathaniel Fick, CEO; John Nagl, President; Richard Danzig, Board chair; Madeleine Albright, Board member; Richard Armitage, Board member; Norman Augustine, Board member; Denis Bovin, Board member; Nicholas Burns, Board member; Leo Mackey, Board member; Lt. Gen. Greg Newbold, Board member; William Perry, Board member; Mitchell Reiss, Board member; Peter Schwartz, Board member; John P. White, Board member; Michael Zak, Board member. Board of Directors
Washington, DC. Founded 2012. A new neoconservative advocacy group, publishes the Washington Free Beacon, a conservative “combat journalism” outlet designed to counter the supposedly liberal media elite. (Read more at link
.) Principals: Michael Goldfarb, Chairman; Aaron Harison, President; Matthew Continetti, Editor; Jaime Sneider, Board member; Mary Katharine Ham, Board Member; William Kristol, Board Member. Staff
Rutgers University, New Jersey. A a unit of the Eagleton Institute of Politics
, is nationally recognized as the leading source of scholarly research and current data about American women’s political participation.
New York, New York. Founded 1996, “dedicated to improving the overall health of New York City and serving its long-term interests by targeting problems facing low-income and working-class neighborhoods in all five boroughs.” Jonathan Bowles – director (ca. 2008). Board of Directors
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. “The Center has been criticized for overstating the bioterrorist threat to extract more federal dollars for biodefense. …Under then-CEO Tara O’Toole
(currently Under Secretary for the Department of Homeland Security Science and Technology Directorate
), the Center produced two simulated exercises that purported to show America woefully underprepared for a bioterror attack.” Thomas V. Inglesby, Anita Cicero – directors Tara O’Toole
- Past Executive Officer.
American University, D.C. Established in 1979, “we have trained hundreds of people for successful participation in the political process, be it running campaigns or influencing policy.” Boards
Founded in 1996, the Center for Consumer Freedom is a nonprofit organization devoted to promoting personal responsibility and protecting consumer choices.
Washington, DC. Founded 1975. “The Center for Contemporary Arab Studies at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C. is a notable academic center and “the only academic center in the United States focusing essentially on the Arab world.” Michael Hudson, Rania Kiblawi – directors (2008). Board of Directors
Washington, DC. Founded in 1972 by Gene La Rocque. “The Center for Defense Information (CDI) provides expert analysis on various components of U.S. national security, international security and defense policy.” CDI is part of the World Security Institute.
Bruce G. Blair, Alan H. Fleischmann – directors. Board of Directors
Founded 1984. “..the Center has fostered initiatives at critical moments in democratic transitions abroad, while serving as a bridge in issue dialogues between the two major political parties in the United States. Members of Congress, distinguished public figures, and representatives of American corporations have served on its Board of Directors
. Allen Weinstein, President & CEO.
London, EN. Founded 1997. “The Centre for Democracy and Development is a non-governmental organisation which aims to promote the values of democracy, peace and human rights in Africa, particularly in the West African sub-region.” Jibrin Ibrihim – director (2008). Board of Directors
“CDT works to keep the Internet and communications technologies free of government censorship and content gatekeepers alike, and to extend the highest level of free speech protection afforded the Internet to all converged media. User choice and control over access to information are the key to protecting core First Amendment values while still addressing important social ills in the digital age. Through our advocacy, CDT seeks to maximize the ability of individuals to decide for themselves what they say, hear, publish, and access online.” Staff & Board
Washington, DC. “Since its founding in 2001 (and prior to that through its predecessor organization, the Center for Media Education), CDD has been at the forefront of research, public education, and advocacy on protecting consumers in the digital age. ..CDD’s public education programs are focused on informing consumers, policy makers, and the press about contemporary digital marketing issues, including its impact on public health, children and youth, and financial services.” Staff
University of Louisville, Kentucky.
“The nation’s only conservative think tank devoted to issues of race and ethnicity. ..We work to promote a colorblind society, one within which race and skin color are no longer an issue and so accordingly we oppose admission, hiring, and contracting policies that discriminate, sort, or prefer on the basis of race or ethnicity.” <That all sounds very nice, and I am with that all the way. But, unfortunately and obviously, in this stink tank here, ulterior motives and sinister issues are very much in play, &c
: Linda Chavez
-Gersten – chairman; Rudy Gersten
- executive director; Roger Clegg
Leesburg, Virginia. “Medical ethics and health policy.” Sigrid Fry-Revere, founder/chairwoman; Shane Steinfeld, first vice-chair. Board of Directors
. Up to no good, if you ask me.
Washington, DC. Founded in 2001 by Edward W. Scott, Jr., C. Fred Bergsten and Nancy Birdsall. Nancy Birdsall – president. Board of Directors
Founded in 2006 by Nick Fiore, Maria Kuecken & Alex Merkovic. “To create sustainable, grassroots development projects through student exchanges.” Marco Barbieri, Stephanie Moline – directors (2008).
The Catholic University of America, Washington D.C. Founded in 1887 by U.S. Catholic bishops. William Kelly – director.
Los Angeles, California. Founded by Tracy Westen and Robert Stern in 1983. Stephen D. Rountree – director (2008). Board of Directors
Washington, DC. Founded 1985. “The nation’s only think tank devoted exclusively to the research of U.S. immigration policy and is a leading voice in the drive to inform policymakers and the public about immigration’s far-reaching impact.” Mark Krikorian – director. Board of Directors
. They certainly cannot be trusted.
University of Maryland; College Park, Maryland. “Conducts research on the civic and political engagement of young Americans.” Advisory Board
Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut. Founded by Robert Rosenkranz in 1960. “The Center seeks to make understanding the world outside the borders of the United States, and the role of the United States in the world, an integral part of liberal education and professional training at the University.” Ian Shapiro, director; Nancy L. Ruther
, associate director. Board of Directors
University of Maryland; College Park, Maryland. Founded by “Dr. Lewis” in 1993. John D. Steinbruner, director; Nancy Gallagher, associate director. Board of Directors
New York, New York. Founded by Andrea Bartoli in 1997. Jean-Marie Guéhenno, director. Aldo Civico, Josie Lianna Kaye – directors (2008). Board of Directors
. U.N. connected. A dubious outfit, to say the least.
Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Founded by Charles Akinola in 1998. Ricardo Hausmann, Marcela Escobari – directors. Board of Directors
Ottawa, Ontario. Founded 1970. Margaret Biggs, Claude-Yves Charron – directors (2008).
Columbia University, New York, NY. “CIESIN works at the intersection of the social, natural, and information sciences, and specializes in on-line data and information management, spatial data integration and training, and interdisciplinary research related to human interactions in the environment.” Sponsors
Washington. DC. “Since 1989, the Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL) has worked to strengthen and use international law and institutions to protect the environment, promote human health, and ensure a just and sustainable society.” Trustees
. “Climate Change” proponents, so you know they’re bought ‘n sold.
* Center for International Private Enterprise
Washington D.C. Founded by National Endowment for Democracy in 1983. Thomas J. Donohue, president; Myron A. Brilliant, VP. Board of Directors
Arlington, Virginia. Founded 2002. John J. Tierny, James Stockmal, Dimitri Neos – directors. Board of Directors
. With Steven Clemons, Ross Munro & Robert Reilly making up their Editorial Board, you know they’re completely full of shet.
See Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) below.
“The research arm of the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs.” People
University in Ithaca, New York. Founded by Mario Einaudi in 1961. Fredrik Logevall, Heike Michelsen – directors. Directors
Cambridge, Massachusetts. Founded 1952. Richard J. Samuels – director. Board of Directors
St. Louis, Missouri. Founded in 1968 by Edwin H. Fedder. Joel Glassman & Ephrem Andemariam – directors. Board of Directors
University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia. Founded by Gary Bertsch in 1989. William W. Keller, Igor Khripunov, Scott Jones – directors. Staff
University of North Carolina, Raleigh, North Carolina. Founded 1979. Adam Hartzell – Executive Director. Stephanie Caplan, Cindy DeFoor – directors. Board
. Corporate Partners
Madison, Wisconsin. Founded 1993. “CMD is a non-profit investigative reporting group. Our reporting and analysis focus on exposing corporate spin and government propaganda. We publish PRWatch, SourceWatch, and BanksterUSA. Our newest investigative site is ALECexposed.org.” John Stauber – founder. Lisa Graves – director. Staff
. Financial Supporters
. Naturally, this group is highly “suspect” too (just check out their staff & list of $ponsor$). You can be sure their work’s one-sided and full of holes.
Arlington VA. Charles Ries, Director. Advisory Board
(L. Paul Bremer & Marc Ginsberg are only two.) Staff
Livonia, Michigan. Founded in 1993. by Elaine Donnelly. Allan C. Carlson, William A. & Prudence Fields – directors (2008). Board of Directors
(FRANK J. GAFFNEY. JR., DAVID HOROWITZ, FREDERICK J. KROESEN, JOHN LENCZOWSKI, PHYLLIS SCHLAFLY are only five.)
University of Virginia School of Law, Charlottesville, Virginia. Founded 1981. John Norton Moore, Robert F. Turner – directors. M. E. “Spike” Bowman, Distinguished Fellow. Board of Directors
Maryland. Founded in 1993 by Bertram I. Spector. “The Center specializes in studying negotiation processes and translating them into practical, action-oriented training and recommendations for decision makers in government, business, civil society, and international organizations.” Their website is devoid of information, which tells me they’re the bad guys.
Monterey, California. Founded by William Potter in 1989. Patricia Lewis, Leonard S. Spector, Elena Sokova – directors. Board of Directors
Sydney, AU. Founded by Kim Beazley in 1988. Jake Lynch, Ken Macnab, Erik Paul – directors (2008).
“The Center for Policy Alternatives will cease operations as a stand-alone, non-profit organization in April 2008. … At its meeting in Washington on December 7, 2007, the CPA Board unanimously adopted a plan to transfer its program expertise and assets to one or more appropriate tax-exempt, progressive-minded entities by the end of April 2008.”
Washington, District of Criminals. Founded 2002, “working to protect health, safety, and the environment through analysis and commentary.” Jake Caldwell
- Executive Director. CPR has a seven-member Board of Directors, led by CPR President Rena Steinzor (University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law). The Board includes John Applegate (Indiana University School of Law – Bloomington), Robert L. Glicksman (The George Washington University Law School), David Hunter (American University Washington College of Law), Thomas O. McGarity (University of Texas Law School, immediate past president of CPR), Catherine A. O’Neill (Seattle University School of Law), Sidney A. Shapiro (Wake Forest University School of Law), and Amy Sinden (Temple University Beasley School of Law). Advisory Council members include Patricia Bauman (Bauman Foundation), Frances G. Beinecke (President, Natural Resources Defense Council), W. Thompson Comerford, Jr. (Senior Partner, Comerford & Britt, L.L.P.), Robert Kuttner (Co-founder and Co-editor, The American Prospect
); John D. Podesta (President, Center for American Progress), James E. Tierney (Director, National State Attorneys General Program at Columbia Law School) and U.S. Rep. Henry Waxman. CPR Member Scholar Bios. CPR staff
“Mission: The mission of the Center for Public Integrity is to produce original ‘investigative’ journalism about significant public issues to make institutional power [not a'ready under their absolute control, etc
.] more transparent and accountable.” Note: Suffice to say, “integrity” and THEIR OWN accountability and transparency is NOT at all their goal nor aim.
Bill Buzenberg – executive director. Board of Directors
. Advisory Council
Austin, Texas. “Committed to improving public policies to better the economic and social conditions of low- and moderate-income Texans.” Board of Directors
Washington, DC. “CRE was established in 1996, after the passage of the Congressional Review Act, to provide Congress with independent analyses of agency regulations. …CRE also conducts analyses of the activities of the OMB
Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs and serves as a regulatory watchdog
over Executive Branch agencies.” Advisory Board
: James B. MacRae, Jr., Jim J. Tozzi
, Kenneth Glozer.
Research Triangle Park, NC. “Established in 1984 to develop, organize, finance, promote, undertake and support research on all aspects of population growth control (biomedical, psychosocial, political, and economic).” Stephen D. Mumford – founder/president/director. He has advocated reduction of birth rates in developing countries
by large-scale abortion
and by drug-induced permanent mass sterilization
, and has been involved in the international distribution of quinacrine
to developing countries for sterilizing women there. (wiki.)
“The center is governed by a board of directors,” his site says, but, surprise! He does not list ‘em.
CRN got started in December 2002 as a result of email conversations about nanotechnology between Mike Treder and Chris Phoenix.
“The next Industrial Revolution
is right around the corner. Fourth generation nanotechnology
— molecular manufacturing — will radically transform the world, and the people, of the early 21st century. Whether that transformation will be peaceful and beneficial or horrendously destructive is unknown. Although nanotechnology carries great promise, unwise or malicious use could seriously threaten the survival of the human race. The vision of CRN is a world in which molecular manufacturing
is widely used for productive and beneficial purposes, and where dangerous uses are limited. … The mission of CRN
is to: 1) raise awareness of the benefits
, the dangers
, and the possibilities for responsible use of advanced nanotechnology; 2) expedite a thorough examination
of the environmental, humanitarian, economic, military, political, social, medical, and ethical implications of molecular manufacturing; and 3) assist in the creation and implementation
of wise, comprehensive, and balanced plans for responsible worldwide use of this transformative technology.” CRN is an affiliate of World Care
, an international, non-profit, 501(c)(3) organization. In addition to the leadership team, CRN has an eight-person Board of Advisors, three Special Associates, a 60+ member Global Task Force, and several hundred members of the C-R-Network.
Washington, DC. “The Center for Responsive Politics is the nation’s premier research group tracking money in U.S. politics and its effect on elections and public policy. Nonpartisan, independent and nonprofit, the organization aims to create a more educated voter, an involved citizenry and a more transparent and responsive government. … We pursue our mission largely through our award-winning website, OpenSecrets.org, which is the most comprehensive resource for federal campaign contributions, lobbying data and analysis available anywhere.” Robert A. Weinberger, Chairman; Sheila Krumholz, executive director . Board of Directors
. Nay, they avoid jewish/”israeli” groups (like AIPAC, NORPAC, etc.) and individuals almost altogether
Washington, DC. Founded 1988. “Long active in the promotion of neoconservative foreign policies, the Center for Security Policy, led by Frank Gaffney, has also distinguished itself as a banner member of the ‘Islamophobia network.’” Selected Principals and Board Members
: Frank Gaffney, president; Caroline Glick, senior fellow; Lt. Col. Marlin L. Hefti, USMC (Ret.),board member; Charles Kupperman, board member; David Steinmann, board member; David Yerushalmi, general counsel. Selected Advisory Board Members: Morris Amitay, Kathleen Bailey, William Bennett, Henry Cooper, Christopher Cox, Midge Decter, Paula Dobriansky, Stanley Ebner, Douglas J. Feith, Edwin Feulner, Devon Gaffney Cross, Daniel Gouré, Amoretta Hoeber, Charles Horner; Vice Adm.William Houser, USN (Ret.), Fred Iklé, Robert Joseph, Phyllis Kaminsky, Alan Keyes, John Lehman, Richard Perle, Michael Rubin, William Schneider, Jr., William R. Van Cleave, Pete Wilson. Selected Academic Council Members: Victor Davis Hanson, Frederick Kagan, J. Michael Waller. U.S. Charitable Foundation Donors (1999-2009): 1141 Charitable Foundation: $18,349; Abstraction Fund: $25,000; Achelis Foundation: $100,000; Alfred P. Sloan Foundation: $18,000; Anchorage Charitable Fund: $735,000; Carthage Foundation: $125,000; Clinton Family Fund: $50,000; Community Foundation of Jackson Hole: $25,000; Elkes Foundation: $266,250; G.L. Connolly Foundation: $90,000; Hascoe Charitable Foundation: $90,000; Irving I. Moskowitz Foundation: $110,000; J.M. Foundation: $65,000; Joel & Jeanne Leff Foundation, Inc.: $30,000; Kevin & Susie Davis Family Foundation: $25,000; Klarman Family Foundation: $45,000; Lawrence M. Gelb Foundation, Inc.: $40,000; Lynde & Harry Bradley Foundation: $715,000; Michele & Martin Cohen Family Foundation: $15,000; Middle East Forum: $40,000; New York Community Trust: $40,000; Newton & Rochelle Becker Charitable Trust: $195,000; Newton & Rochelle Becker Foundation: $180,000; Paul Singer Family Foundation: $50,000; Price Family Foundation: $25,000; Randolph Foundation: $20,000; Rosenstiel Foundation: $94,000; Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation: $60,000; Sarah Scaife Foundation: $2,775,000; Shelby Cullom Davis Foundation: $190,000; Sophia & William Casey Foundation: $177,500; Stuart Family Foundation: $35,000; U.S. Charitable Gift Trust: $32,000; Vanguarg Charitable Endowment Program: $112,000; Victory Coalition Fund: $350,000; William & Phyllis Mack Family Foundation: $47,500; William H. Donner Foundation, Inc.: $280,000; William Rosenwald Family Fund, Inc.: $221,500; YLRY, Inc.: $35,000. Staff
. Board of Directors
. Advisory Council
. Academic Council
Washington, DC. “Established to promote innovative thinking and debate about national security strategy, defense planning and military investment options for the 21st century.” Andrew F. Krepinevich, director; Jim Thomas,
Vice President and Director of Studies; Eric Edelman,
Distinguished Fellow, etc..Our People
. Board of Directors
: Nelson M. Ford, Chair
; Devon Gaffney Cross
, Pete du Pont
, Vic H. Fazio
, Rosemarie Forsythe
, Jack Keane
, Dave McCurdy
, Elihu Rose
, Jim Shinn
, R. James Woolsey
, Laurence Zuriff
* Center for Strategic and International Studies
Washington, DC. Founded by Admiral Arleigh Burke, David Manker Abshire in 1962. “…Called “the mother of all neo-con institutions
,” the Center for International and Strategic Studies (CSIS)…includes Zbigniew Brzezinski, Henry Kissinger, and Zalmay Khalilzad, among its 35 or more Trustees (all with links to oil, defense, and/or Israel) …” -http://afpakwar.com/blog/archives/436
. John Hamre – president & CEO;
Melissa, Texas . “The Center for the 21st Century is a socioeconomic think tank specializing in identification of critical 21st century issues and formulation of actionable plans for future success.” Carolyn Corbin, founder and president.
Founded 1998. “Dedicated to advancing individual rights and economic freedom through Ayn Rand’s (i.e., Alyssa Rosenbaum’s) philosophy of Objectivism.” Nicholas Provenzo – founder/director.
The Center for the American Founding is the principal activity of the Potomac Foundation
: “We advocate and practice discussion of national issues as they relate to America’s founding principles. For continued success, we believe this nation needs to return to the Rule of Law, Individual Rights, Security of Property, and the same American Identity for all its citizens.”
* Center for the New West
Athens, Georgia. Founded by Hans S. Park in 1995. Hans S. Park, Brock F. Tessman – directors. Staff
“Established in 1979 as part of the University of Chicago, CSSP’s primary goal was to influence public policy affecting poor children and families, the elderly and the disabled. Founder Tom Joe, blind from early childhood, was a staunch advocate for federal and state policies that leveled the playing field for the disenfranchised and addressed the injustices that affected people’s lives. …” Frank Farrow, Judith W. Meltzer – directors. Carol Wilson Spigner, Chair. Funders
Washington, DC. Founded in 1965 by “entrepreneur” Henry O. Dormann and several New York business leaders “to house originals or copies of Presidential Papers of all the Presidents of the United States and of such other papers of historical interest as may deem advisable.” David Abshire, president & CEO; Board of Trustees
(the usual villains.) National Council of Advisors
(scoundrels.) Advisors and Fellows
University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Founded 1984. Charles W. Johnson – founder. Vejas Gabriel Liulevicius, Cynthia Tinker, Captain Mariner, McCall Simon – directors.
New York, New York. Founded in 1977 by Richard Hudson
& his “Binding Triad System”. Lucy Law Webster, Juan Federer, E. Scott Ryan – directors. Board of Directors
. (Some more than shady names involved in this, such as Joan M. Warburg
and George Soros.)
Washington, DC. Founded in 1981 by Robert Greenstein – founder/president. David de Ferranti, Board Chair. Board of Directors
Washington, DC. Founded by Howard S. Brembeck in 1995. Carie Lemack, Jason Ipe, Alistair Millar – directors. Board of Directors
. Advisory Council
(Frank Cilluffo, Richard Barrett, Stuart Eisenstat., etc.)
Stanford Law School, Stanford, California. Allen S. Weiner, Byron Bland – directors. Board of Directors
New York, New York. Founded 1996. Bruce Jones – director. Staff/Fellows
Advisors (Anthony Lake, et al) & Funders (Rockefeller, Ford, etc.) & Staff are all tell-tale.
NYC & DC. “A progressive non-partisan think tank, founded in 1919 and initially funded by Edward Filene
.” “Trustees over the years
included Theodore Sorensen, Arthur Schlesinger Jr., John Kenneth Galbraith, Justice Robert Jackson and J. Robert Oppenheimer.” Board
(Lewis B. Kaden, John Podesta, etc, etc.) Staff & Fellows
(Morton Abramowitz, Daniel Levy, etc.)
* Chemical & Biological Arms Control Institute
Was “established in 1993 to address the challenges to global security and stability in the early 21st century, with a special, but not exclusive focus on the elimination of chemical weapons and biological weapons.” CBACI ceased operations in 2007.
Roberta Combs, President.
San Antonio, Texas. Created in early 2006 by Christian Right
leader John Hagee
, the influential evangelical pastor of the Cornerstone Church in San Antonio, Texas, Christians United for Israel (CUFI) is a Christian Zionist advocacy organization that promotes the idea that Christians “have a biblical obligation to defend Israel.” (Read more at link
Washington, DC. Founded 1947. Don Kraus, CEO; Robert Enholm, Executive Vice President. Board of Directors
Boca Raton, FL. “Combating specific dangers posed by ‘radical Islam‘ and ‘other’ extremist ideologies.” William A. Saxton; Peter M. Leitner; S. Peter Lebowitz (executive director), etc. Advisory Group: Walid Phares; Daniel J. Pipes; M. Zuhdi Jasser.
Claremont, California. Founded in 1979 by four students of Harry V. Jaffa. Brian T. Kennedy – director. Board of Directors
New York, NY. Founded in 2006 by Raphael Shore, a conservative Israeli rabbi. “…produces and distributes documentaries on the threats of Radical Islam.” | http://drmaxtor.blogspot.com/search?updated-max=2008-10-14T19%3A48%3A00-07%3A00&max-results=50
– “The Clarion Fund, a shadowy group with no listed officers, no known office space, and unpublished financial disclosure forms (form 990) financed the massive distribution of the Obsession Hate DVD, numbered at some 28 million copies. There have been speculative reports suggesting links between Clarion and Sheldon Adelson, a Las Vegas Jewish-American magnate, who is known to have personally passed out copies of the DVD, as well as with Aish HaTorah an educational and advocacy group based in Jerusalem. Neither report has yet been confirmed. Clarion seems to be reveling in the secrecy. But it is a matter of time before the facts become clear.” | Some advisors: Frank Gaffney, Zuhdi Jasser, Clare Lopez, Walid Phares, Daniel Pipes, Harold Rhode, Ilan Sharon & Sarah Stern.
Washington, DC. “We work to promote public policies that encourage a high growth economy and a swift return to America’s founding principles primarily through legislative involvement, issue advocacy, research, training and educational activity.” “The primary tactic of the separate Club for Growth PAC is to provide financial support from Club members to viable candidates to Congress who believe in pro-growth policies, limited government, low taxes and economic freedom, both in Republican primaries and general elections.” Ugh, sure, yeah, right. Paint it red
. Board of Directors/Leadership Council
“Founded in 1968 as an informal association of independent leading personalities from politics, business and science, men and women who are long-term thinkers interested in contributing in a systemic interdisciplinary and holistic manner to a better world. The Club of Rome members share a common concern for the future of humanity and the planet.” I’m sure they have a bridge they’d also like to sell you
. Dr. Ashok Khosla of India and Dr. Eberhard von Koerber of Germany – co-presidents. Executive Committee
. International Centre
. Full Members
. Honorary Members
. Associate Members
Founded in 2002, ceased operating in 2005. The Coalition for Democracy in Iran (CDI) was an advocacy outfit supported by a number of neoconservative writers and based in the office of Morris Amitay
, the one-time director of the American Israel Public Affairs Committee
(AIPAC). CDI worked closely with AIPAC to encourage Congress to pass resolutions condemning Iran. (More at link
“Established in 1988 by Gov. LeRoy Collins (served 1955-1961) to seek out creative, nonpartisan solutions to Florida’s toughest issues.” Board of Trustees
Washington, DC. Founded in 1942 by Paul G. Hoffman, William Benton & Marion B. Folsom. Charles E.M. Kolb – director (2008). Board of Directors
2002-2003. The Committee for the Liberation of Iraq (CLI) was a short-lived yet influential group of hawkish Beltway think-tankers and politicians who came together at the behest of the George W. Bush administration to support regime change in Iraq in the wake of the 9/11 terrorist attacks. Formed in late 2002 by Bruce Jackson
, a director of the Project for the New American Century
(PNAC) and former Lockheed Martin vice president, CLI was founded with the narrow purpose of promoting the overthrow of Saddam Hussein. (Read more at link
.) Key staff: Bruce Jackson
, Chairman, Randy Scheunemann
, President, Julie Finley
, Treasurer, Gary Schmitt
, Secretary. Advisory Board members: George Shultz, Chairman; Sen. John McCain
, Honorary Co-chair; Sen. Joseph Lieberman
, Honorary Co-chair; Sen. Evan Bayh, Honorary Co-Chair; Mahdi Al-Bassam; Barry Blechman; Eliot Cohen
; Jacquelyn K. Davis; Thomas Dine
; Gen. Wayne Downing; Rend Rahim Francke; Peter W. Galbraith; Newt Gingrich
; Lt. Gen. Buster Glosson; James P. Hoffa; Howell Jackson; Robert Kagan
; Robert Kerry; Jeane Kirkpatrick
; William Kristol
; Bernard Lewis
; Will Marshall
; Gen. Barry McCaffrey
; Joshua Muravchik
; Richard Perle
; Danielle Pletka
; Richard Shultz; Stephen Solarz; Maurice Sonnenberg; Ruth Wedgwood
; Leon Wieseltier
; Chris Williams
; James Woolsey
Washington, DC. Founded by Tracy Voorhees in 1950. “To stiffen American resolve to confront the challenge presented by terrorism and the ideologies that drive it through ‘education and advocacy’.” Leadership: Sen. John Kyl
, honorary co-chair; Sen. Joseph Lieberman
, honorary co-chair; R. James Woolsey
, co-chair; George P. Schultz, co-chair. Some Members: Kenneth Adelman
, Akbar Atri
, Jose Maria Aznar, Morris Amitay
, Ilan Berman
, William Brock, Eliot Cohen
, Henry Cooper
, Rachel Ehrenfeld
, Jeffrey Gedmin
, Peter Hannaford, Vaclav Havel, Bruce Jackson
, Phyllis Kaminsky
, Charles Kupperman
, Clifford May
, Robert McFarlane, Edwin Meese
, Laurent Murawiec
, Michael Novak
, Daniel Pipes
, Danielle Pletka
, Peter Rosenblatt, Nina Shea
, Randy Scheunemann
, Stephen Solarz (lately deceased), Raymond Tanter
, Kenneth Timmerman
, William Van Cleave
, Ben Wattenberg
, Elie “the Lying Weasel” Wiesel, Moshe Yaalon, Dov Zakheim
. Board of Directors
“Innovating for the Common Good.” “An independent, nongovernmental public policy research center located in Cambridge, Massachusetts. ..PDA was founded in 1991 to develop an independent critical perspective on U.S. defense policy with a special focus on strategy and the structure of the armed forces. ..The lead project at the Commonwealth Institute is the Project on Defense Alternatives (PDA), Charles Knight and Carl Conetta, co-directors.” Board of Directors:
Neta Crawford, Meg Gage, Richard Healey, Charles Knight, S.M.Miller, Guy Molyneux, Cynthia Ward.
Washington, DC. Founded 1984. Fred L. Smith, Jr. – founder/director. “CEI promotes libertarian ideals through analysis, education, coalition-building, advocacy, and regulation.” “Free markets and limited government.” Board of Directors
Washington, DC. Concerned Women for America (CWA) was founded in San Diego in 1979 by Christian Right social conservative Beverly LaHaye. Well connected to the Christian Right network, Beverly LaHaye is married to Tim LaHaye, cofounder of the Moral Majority, etc. Janice Shaw Crouse
, Robert H. Knight
, Beverly LaHaye
(founder and Chairman), Jan LaRue
, Sandy Rios
(President), Michael Schwartz
, Wendy Wright
Arlington, VA. Founded in the early 1990s, “to take a stand for America and speak out against the policies that have placed this great nation in financial jeopardy.” Some of the very people who put us there
>>> ”Hon.” Peter G. Peterson
, co-founder. Robert Bixby,
Executive Director; Joshua Gordon
, policy director, etc. Board of Directors
(Warren B. Rudman, co-chair; Alaire & Bayh to White & Yankelovich.) Staff
(a bunch of egregious scumbags.)
New York, New York (and others around the world). ‘Trusted insights for business worldwide.” “Founded in 1916
, The Conference Board is a global, independent business membership and research association working in the public interest.” Sure they are
(Alan M. Dachs, chairman; Josef Ackermann, Harry M. Jansen Kraemer, Jr., Ronald A. Williams – vice-chairmen, etc.). Global Counsellors
. Experts & Staff
“The Congressional Institute was established in 1987 for the intellectual and social benefit of Members of Congress and to provide educational information about Congress to the general public. …The Institute sponsors major conferences for the benefit of Members of the US Congress and their staffs. …” Board of Directors
(Dan Meyer, Chairman; Barbara A. Morris-Lent, Vice-Chair). Staff
(Mark Strand, president).
Bismarck, SD. “Provides a variety of services to support building public policy agreements from assessing the issues at the beginning to implementing, evaluating and presenting the agreement at the end.” who we are
Peter A. Seligmann - chairman of the board and CEO; Samuel Robson “Rob” Walton – chairman of the executive committee; Mark L. Feldman – vice-chair; Harrison Ford – vice-chair. Board, Council, etc.
Washington, DC. Founded 1997. Virginia Sloan – founder/director. “TCP has served a vital role as a unique source of credible scholarship and bipartisan policy recommendations on a myriad of challenging constitutional issues.” “Safeguarding Liberty, Justice and the Rule of Law.” RIIIIIGHT: The usual knaves, working to “reinterpret”, rewrite & subvert the Constitution
>>>The Constitutional Amendments Committee
, The Courts Committee
, The Death Penalty Committee
, The Liberty and Security Committee
, The National Right to Counsel Committee
, The Sentencing Committee
, The War Powers Committee
. Directors & Avisors
* Consumer Energy Council of America Research Foundation
* Council of Conservative Citizens
Washington, DC. Founded 1975. Larry Birns – founder/director.
New York, New York. Founded 1954. Leah Margulies, Lisa Vives – directors (2008). Board of Directors
Washington, DC. The now-defunct Defense of Democracies was created in February 2008 as a spin-off organization of the Foundation for Defense of Democracies
(FDD) to undertake advocacy campaigns that FDD could not participate in as a 501(c)(3) tax-exempt organization. Defense of Democracies’ first task was an ad campaign in late February 2008 aimed at pressuring the House of Representatives to pass legislation that would extend a controversial warrantless wiretap program and give impunity to telecommunications corporations that had complied with Bush administration surveillance policy. (More at link
.) Brian Wise – spokesman.
New York, New York. Founded 2000. “National Security, Public Policy.” Stephen B. Heintz – director. Board of Directors
Washington, DC. Founded by Barry Blechman in 1984. “DFI Corporate Services assists clients in becoming more competitive by making better, more informed strategic and tactical decisions on issues of strategy, marketing, operations, and innovation in pursuit of their near- and long-term business objectives.” Elizabeth Baldwin, Vasco Fernandes – directors (2008). Board of Directors
Seattle, Washington. Founded in 1994 by Bruce Chapman. Bruce Agnew – director; Richard Rahn
, Senior Fellow.
Honolulu, Hawaii. Founded in 1960 by U.S. Congress. Puongpun Sananikone – director (2008). Board of Directors
New York, New York. Founded in 1980 by John Edwin Mroz and Ira Wallach. R. William Ide III, Mark Maletz, Leo Schenker, Martti Ahtisaari, Jerald T. Baldridge – directors.
Washington, DC. Founded in 1986 by Jeff Faux, Barry Bluestone, Robert Kuttner, Ray Marshall, Robert Reich, and Lester Thurow. Barry Bluestone – director. Board of Directors
East Boston, Massachusetts . Founded in 1983 by “Dr. Sharp’s”. Jamila Raqib – director (2008). Board of Directors
Washington, Founded in 1983 by Dwight D. Eisenhower. Jeffrey Blavatt – director; Susan Eisenhower – chairman. Board of Directors
* eMedical Education, Ltd.
The Emergency Committee for Israel (ECI) is a neoconservative pressure group launched in July 2010 to promote militarist, “pro-Israel” U.S. policies. (Read more at Right Web link.) Rachel Abrams, board member; Gary Bauer, board member; Michael Goldfarb, advisor; Margaret Hoover; William Kristol, board member; Noah Pollak, director.
Elma, NY. “Organization for citizens concerned about protecting the American People from a nuclear or natural electromagnetic pulse (EMP) catastrophe”…from ‘ terrorists, rogue states,’ or, like ’China and Russia’, etc. Board of Advisors
(Rosenzweig, Trachtenberg, Iklé, Huessy, Franks, Hermann, Bartlett, Weldon, et al.)
Washington, DC. Founded in 1991 by Richard Berman.
Washington, DC. The now-defunct Empower America, a right-wing pressure group founded by former Education Secretary William Bennett in 1993, was the predecessor to the Tea Party-aligned FreedomWorks.
Washington, DC. An “unabashedly pro-Israel and pro-American think tank,” EMET promotes the work of “pro-Israel” hawks in Washington, stokes fear of Islam and Muslims, and advocates a militarist U.S. posture toward the Middle East. Leadership: Sarah Stern, president; Yossi Ben-Aharon, advisor; Yoram Ettinger, advisor; Lenny Ben-David, advisor; James Woolsey, advisor; Frank Gaffney, advisor; Daniel Pipes, advisor; Caroline Glick, advisor; Gal Luft, advisor; Meyrav Wurmser, advisor; Rachel Ehrenfeld, advisor; Ariel Cohen, advisor; Emmanuel Navon, advisor; Amichai Magen, advisor; Lori Lowenthal Marcus, advisor; Martin Sherman, advisor; Walid Shoebat, advisor; Kenneth Timmerman, advisor; Larry Greenfield, advisor; Seth and Sherri Mandell, advisor; Ilka Schroeder, advisor; James M. Hutchens, advisor; David Dalin, advisor; Donald E. Gastwirth, advisor; Alex Grobman, advisor.
* Federation for American Immigration Reform
“The Financial Reform Task Force is a group of ‘highly respected’ economists and former government officials that began meeting in June 2009 with the goal of crafting bipartisan legislative recommendations that should comprise lasting and effective financial reform.” Martin Baily
- co-chair; Peter Wallison
- co-chair; Alan Blinder
- board; H. Rodgin Cohen
- board; Morris Goldstein
- board (only to name a few
Danbury, Connecticut. Founded 1976.
Washington, DC. “The FORUM is a non-profit, non-partisan “brain trust” of nationally-recognized foreign policy experts with extensive, senior-level policy experience who are committed to independence, integrity, and impact. The FORUM is supported by a Board of Trustees composed of distinguished Americans with impressive careers in government, Congress, and business.” Board of Directors
Washington, DC. Founded Sept. 13, 2001. A “non-partisan policy institute” that aims to defend democracies against “militant Islamism,” the neoconservative Foundation for Defense of Democracies has become an influential base of hawkish advocacy, especially on Middle East policy. Clifford D. May – founder/director. Board of Directors
New York, New York. Founded by Leonard Read in 1946. Lee Currie – director. Board of Directors
Bethesda, Maryland. Founded 1982. Mahnaz Afkhami, Gholam Reza Afkhami – directors. Board of Directors
Lake Jackson, Texas. Founded in 1976 by Ron Paul.
Washington, DC. Founded in 1941 by Wendell Willkie and Eleanor Roosevelt. “Although no longer as closely associated with neoconservative activism as it was during much of the last few decades, Freedom House continues to support campaigns aligned with hawkish factions in U.S. politics.” Jennifer Windsor – director. Board of Directors
A pressure group led by right-wing activist Larry Klayman, promotes a hodgepodge of conservative foreign and domestic polices, claiming to be “the only political advocacy group that speaks through actions, rather than just words.”
Freedom’s Watch was a pro-Iraq War advocacy group established by prominent Republican Party donors that worked to counter flagging public support for the “war on terror.”
FreedomWorks is one of several establishment Republican Party –aligned groups that have endeavored to claim the mantel of the Tea Party revolt.
NYU School of Law.
Minneapolis, Minnesota. Robert T. Kudrle – director.
* Freund Scholarly Research Group
Founded in 1898 by Quaker John Freund.
Washington, District of Criminals. Founded in 1957 by investment banker Randolph Compton. Pauline H. Baker – director (2008). Board of Directors
Schiphol-Rijk. Founded in 1974 by Lyndon LaRouch. Rudolf C. Meiner, Leon Goldwater – directors. Board of Directors
Bernard F. Siegel - Founder; Executive Director; spokesman.
Tufts University, Somerville, Massachusetts. Founded 1993. Neva (Rockefeller) Goodwin, William Moomaw – directors
Founded in 2008, GGW is a joint initiative of two influential rightist groups, the American Enterprise Institute (AEI) and the Federalist Society.
* Global Trade Watch
“Founded by Lori Wallach in 1995 as a division of the U.S.-based advocacy group Public Citizen that monitors the World Trade Organization (WTO) and other trade agreements such as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA).”
Has produced a number of rightist TV shows and documentaries, including a documentary on the history of neoconservatism written by a scholar at the American Enterprise Institute and James Glassman’s Ideas in Action.
Chicago, Illinois. Founded 1984. “Government spending, taxation, healthcare, tobacco policy, global warming, information technology and free-market environmentalism.” Joseph L. Bast – director (2008). Board of Directors
Alexandria, Virginia. Founded by Daniel O. Graham in 1980. “A pressure group pushing for ‘Star Wars’ missile defense systems, has deep connections to defense contractors, government officials, and prominent neoconservatives.” Henry Cooper – director (2008).
Stanford University, Stanford, CA. Founded by Herbert Hoover in 1919. John Raisian – director (2008). Board of Directors
University of Minnesota.
A rightist TV program co-produced by the George W. Bush Institute and Grace Creek Media that often features prominent neoconservatives opining on U.S. domestic and foreign policy.
Oakland, California. Founded in 1986 by David J. Theroux. Gilbert I. Collins – director (2008). Board of Directors
Atlanta, GA. Founded by Jag Sheth in 2003. Kenneth A. Cutshaw – director (2008). Board of Directors
Washington, DC. Founded 2006. Robert D. Atkinson -President. Grant D. Aldonas – director (2008). Board of Directors
* Institute for Defense Analyses – Communications and Computing (FFRDC)
/ Institute for Defense Analyses – Studies and Analysis (FFRDC)
Cambridge, Massachusetts. Founded 1980. Randall Forsberg – founder/director. Board of Directors
Cambridge, Massachusetts. Founded 1976. Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr. – director. Board of Directors
Rockland, Maine. Founded by Rushworth Kidder in 1990. Betty Barker – director (2008). Board of Directors
National Defense University, Fort Lesley J. McNair, Washington DC. Hans Binnendijk – director. Board of Directors
University of Maryland.
Lewisville, Texas. Founded by Dick Armey in 1987. Michael E. Williams – director (2008). Board of Directors
Washington, DC. Founded in 1963 by Marcus Raskin and Richard Barnet. John Cavanagh – director (2008). Board of Directors
University of Utah.
* Institute for Research on the Economics of Taxation (IRET)
University of Wisconsin.
Cambridge, Massachusetts. Founded 1984. Gordon D. Thompson – director (2008). Board of Directors
University of Michigan.
Boston, MA. Founded in 1988 by Uri Ra’anan. Susan J. Cavan – director. Board of Directors
Georgetown University. Founded 1978. Paula Newberg – director.
Chaired by Liz Cheney and led by Kimberly Kagan, the ISW promotes hawkish stances on U.S counterinsurgency operations.
New York, NY. Founded in 1951 by Eisenhower. Richard K. Betts – director (2008).
Vienna, Virginia. Founded 1924.
Founded 1990. John Lenczowski – director.
Founded in 1981, describes itself as “an ecumenical alliance of U.S. Christians working to reform their churches’ social witness, …
Publisher of the journal First Things, describes itself as an “interreligious, nonpartisan research and education institute whose purpose is to…
Washington, DC. Founded by Irene Tinker in 1976. Caroline Atkinson – director (2008). Board of Directors
* International Forum for Democratic Studies
Washington, DC. Founded by Marc F. Plattner in 1994. John Bohn – director. Board of Directors
* International Foundation for Election Systems
Herzliya, “Israel” (IDC).
* International Peace & Security Institute
New York, New York. Founded in 1970 by UN Secretary-General U Thant. Adonia Ayebare – director (2008). Board of Directors
Along with its Democratic-aligned counterpart, the taxpayer-funded International Republican Institute has often been accused of subverting democracy abroad while claiming to foster it.
IPC advocates regime change in Iran by empowering opposition groups—by which it means the terrorist-designated MEK, not the Green Movement.
In March 2011, with the United States engaged in several military conflicts across the Greater Middle East, Freedom House and the Progressive Policy Institute created the Iran Strategy Task Force to lobby the Obama administration to aggressively pursue regime change in Iran.
Cleveland, Ohio. “Economic Development.”
The Israel Project is dedicated to providing a “more positive public face” for hardline Israeli policy. (Read more at Right Web.) Key Staff: Jennifer Laszlo Mizrahi, Founder and President; Marcus Sheff, Executive Director, TIP Israel. Board of Directors: Lennert J. Leader, Chair, Arlene Bearman, Chair Emeritus, Michael C. Gelman, Chair Emeritus, Jennifer Laszlo Mizrahi, Founder & President, Sheryl J. Schwartz, Co-Founder & Vice President, Margo Volftsun, Co-Founder & Secretary, Harry Ploss, Treasurer, Sheldon Bearman, M.D., Newton Becker, Shmuel Bendror, Robert O. Copeland, Alan Dana, Andrew J. Groveman, Seth A. Klarman, Joseph Korff, Randall James Levitt, Richard C. Perry, Ronald R. Sklare, Yechiam Yemini. Board of Advisors: Sen. John Barrasso, R-WY; Sen. Scott Brown, R-MA; Sen. Ben Cardin, D-MD; Sen. Robert Casey, D-PA; Sen. Saxby Chambliss, R-GA; Sen. Tom Coburn, R-OK; Sen. Susan Collins, R-ME; Sen. James Inhofe, R-OK; Sen. Mark Kirk, R-IL; Sen. Joe Lieberman, I-CT; Sen. Robert Menendez, D-NJ; Sen. Ben Nelson, D-NE; Sen. Pat Roberts, R-KS; Sen. John Thune, R-SD; Sen. Ron Wyden, D-OR; Rep. Gary Ackerman, D-NY; Rep. Robert Andrews, R-NJ; Rep. Shelley Berkley, D-NV; Rep. Howard Berman, D-CA; Rep. Elton Gallegly, R-CA; Rep. Russ Carnahan, D-MO; Rep. Mike Coffman, R-CO; Rep. Ted Deutch, D-FL; Rep. Robert Dold, R-IL; Rep. Renee Ellmers, R-NC; Rep. Eliot Engel, D-NY; Rep. Michael McCaul, R-TX; Rep. Thad McCotter, R-MI; Rep. Cathy McMorris Rodgers, R-WA; Rep. Devin Nunes, R-CA; Rep. Frank Pallone, D-NJ; Rep. Steve Rothman, D-NJ; Rep. John Sarbanes, D-MD; Rep. Adam Schiff, D-CA; Rep. Brad Sherman, D-CA; Rep. Allen West, R-FL; Rep. Joe Wilson, R-SC.
A bastion of trans-Atlantic neoconservatism, the UK-based Henry Jackson Society promotes “regime change” in Iran and Likud-aligned policies in the Middle East.
Washington, DC. Founded 1984. Marcia Carlucci (wife of Frank) - director (2008). Board of Directors
An “Israel“-based advocacy outfit that brings together Evangelicals, neoconservatives, and hardline pro-Israel figures from across the globe in an effort to shape the debate… Michael Cherney,
Chairman of the Board of Trustees; Dmitry Radyshevsky, Executive director; Gary Bauer
- Chairman; Martin Sherman, Academic Director. …
Ruth Faden – director; Alexander H. Levi – chair; Harvey M. Meyerhoff – chair emeritus.
Northwestern University & University of Chicago.
Hilton Head Island, South Carolina & Washington, DC. Founded 1974. “National Security & Public Policy.” Frank Schmalleger – director. Board of Directors
This new rightwing pressure group—led by Liz Cheney and William Kristol—is circulating a petition pushing to keep “Gitmo” open, claiming it is a “safe, secure, and humane” way to keep “terrorists” locked up.
One of a string of astrotruf groups recently launched by neoconservatives and Christian Right figures, …
Notre Dame, IN . Founded by Helen Kellogg in 1970. Scott Mainwaring – director (2008). Board of Directors
University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN. Joan Fallon – director (2008). Board of Directors
Kent State University, Kent, OH. Founded 1949. S. Victor Papacosma – director (2008).
Auburn, Alabama. Founded 1982.
Midland, Michigan. Founded in 1987 by Llewellyn H. “Lew” Rockwell, Jr. Joseph Olson – director (2008)
Tallahassee, Florida. Founded in 1987 by J. Stanley Marshall. K. Earl Durden – director (2008). Board of Directors
New York, New York. Founded 1978. Elliott Associates, L.P. - directors. Board of Directors
University of Maryland, Baltimore.
* Matsunaga Institute for Peace
Honolulu, Hawaii. Founded by Spark M. Matsunaga in 1984. Bruce Barnes, Brien Hallett, Carole Petersen – directors (2008). Board of Directors
Based in Alexandria, Virginia, founded in 1987 by conservative activist L. Brent Bozell…
George Mason University, Arlington, Virginia. Founded by Rich Fink. Omar Ahmad Al-Ubaydli – director (2008). Board of Directors
Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. Founded by Ralph D. Mershon in 1952. “International Affairs & National Security.” Richard Herrmann – director.
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Founded in 1990 by Daniel Pipes. Ziad K. Abdelnour – director. Board of Directors
Harvard U., Cambridge, Massachusetts. Founded 1998. Hilary Rantisi – director (2008). Board of Directors
Washington, DC. Founded by George Camp Keiser and Christian Herter in 1946. Wyche Fowler, Jr. – director (2008). Board of Directors
The “nonpartisan” MEMRI, which has received funding from the U.S. State Department and dozens of U.S.-based foundations, has drawn fire for its ties to neoconservative and anti-Islamic organizations, as well as for producing selective and at times inaccurate translations of Middle Eastern sources.
Washington, District of Columbia. Founded by Richard Curtiss in 1981. Omar Kader – director (2008). Board of Directors
Washington, DC. Founded by Kathleen Newland and Demetrios G. Papademetriou in 2001. “It is ‘an independent, non-partisan, non-profit think-tank dedicated to the study of the movement of people worldwide.’ The Migration policy Institute works to analyze migration policies at the local, national, and international levels.” Nicholas DiMarzio – director (2008). Board of Directors
Santa Monica, CA. Founded in 1991 by penny stock scamster and securities fraudster Michael Milken. Board of Directors
Missouri State University’s Department of Defense and Strategic Studies is a stronghold of rightist foreign policy scholars.
Bedford, Massachusetts. Founded 1958. It manages Federally Funded Research and Development Centers (FFRDC’s) supporting the Department of Defense, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Homeland Security (DHS), and the Department of Veterans Affairs. Charles S. Robb – director (2008). Board of Directors
* Monterey Institute of International Studies
Arizona State University.
Though billing itself as a nonpartisan organization to “support the troops,” Move America Forward pursues a hawkish agenda aimed at increasing U.S. military intervention abroad.
University of Maryland.
Seattle, Washington. Founded 1989. Richard Ellings – director (2008). Roy D. Kamphausen is Senior Vice President for Political and Security Affairs, and Director of the Washington, DC, office. Board of Directors
Dallas, Texas. Founded by Antony Fisher & Russell Perry in 1983. John Goodman – director.
University of Maryland.
The National Interest was founded in 1985 by Irving Kristol as a foreign policy counterpart to his Public Interest, which until it was shuttered in 2005 was a key outlet for neoconservative views …
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Founded in response to the Mossad’s 1995 Oklahoma City false-flag bombing. David Edger – director (2008). Board of Directors
Cullen, Virginia. Founded 1974. LTG Vernon A. “Dick” Walters – founder/director.
Washington, DC. Founded 1962. The National Strategy Information Center, which has been promoting militarist U.S. foreign policies since the 1960s, hypes the notion that the world is on the verge of chaos and that shadowy forces are engaged in an existential battle “against the West.” Roy Godson – director. Board of Directors
San Francisco, California. Founded 1992. Peter Hayes – founder/director. Board of Directors
Washington, DC. “Launched in 1999, the foundation was guided through a period of rapid growth by founding president Ted Halstead
.” “A a nonprofit, nonpartisan public policy institute that invests in new thinkers and new ideas to address the next generation of challenges facing the United States.” Steve Coll – director (2008). Board of Directors
Jerusalem. Under the guise of seeking accountability and transparency, the neoconservative-linked NGO Monitor launches partisan-minded assaults against NGOs who criticize the Israeli government. (Read more at link.) International Advisory Board: Elliott Abrams, Yehuda Avner, Alan Dershowitz, Tom Gross, Richard Kemp, Douglas Murray, Fiamma Nirenstein, Judea Pearl, Abraham Sofaer, Elie Wiesel, Ruth Wisse, R. James Woolsey.
Washington, DC. Founded in 1994 by Richard Nixon. Henry A. Kissinger – director. Board of Directors
Santa Barbara, California. Founded 1982. David Krieger, Frank Kelly, Wallace Drew, Charles Jamison, Kent Ferguson – founders/directors.
Washington, DC. Founded in 2001 by Ted Turner & Sam Nunn. R.E. “Ted” Turner – director (2008). Board of Directors
Once one of the country’s premier conservative foundations, closed down in 2005 after a half century of operations.
Harvard. Founded by John M. Olin in 1989. “To conduct basic policy-relevant research on crucial topics of security and strategy, with a view to illuminating the security problems confronting the United States and its allies.” Samuel P. Huntington – director. Board of Directors
New York-based organization devoted to maintaining a united Jerusalem as the capitol of “Israel,“ was originally created in 2000 to combat peace proposals pushed by then Prime…
Los Angeles, California. Founded by John Bryson & Warren Christopher in 1995. John E. Bryson, Robert H. Tuttle – directors. Board of Directors
San Francisco, California. Founded in 1979 by Sir Antony & James North. Sally C. Pipes – director. Board of Directors
Palo Alto, California. Formerly Xerox PARC. Founded in 1970 by Jack Goldman & Dr. George Pake.
Arlington, Virginia. Founded 1994. David F. Davis – founder/director. “National Security: United Nations Operations, North Atlantic Treaty Organization Operations, European Union Operations, African Union Operations.” Board of Directors
Although classified by the State Department as a terrorist organization, the MEK’s delisting has been the focus of an aggressive lobbying campaign supported by a host of high-profile public figures from across the U.S. political spectrum, including a crop of prominent neoconservatives.
Washington, DC. Founded in 1981 by C. Fred Bergsten. Renamed after Blackstone Group co-founder Peterson in 2006. Peter G. Peterson – director. Board of Directors
The Philanthropy Roundtable aims to foster “rightist“ causes and assist the “war on terror” by helping shape conservative charitable giving.
* Phoenix Group
Founders: George Soros and Peter Lewis.
Boston, Massachusetts. Founded in 1988 by Lovett C. Peters. James Stergios – director (2008). Board of Directors
Cleveland, OH. Founded 2000. Amy Hanauer – director.
Chapel Hill, North Carolina. Founded in 2002 by Michael Turner. Robert Aiello, Michael Turner – directors (2008). Board of Directors
Arlington, Virginia. Michael S. Swetnam – founder/chairman of the board and CEO.
Washington, DC. “The Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues advises the President on bioethical issues that may emerge from advances in biomedicine and related areas of science and technology. The Commission works with the goal of identifying and promoting policies and practices that ensure scientific research, health care delivery, and technological innovation are conducted in an ethically responsible manner.” Amy Gutmann
- Chair; James W. Wagner
- Vice Chair.
University of Maryland.
Cambridge, Massachusetts. Founded 1983. Max Bazerman, Iris Bohnet – directors (2008). Board of Directors
Washington, DC. Founded 1993. George A. “Jay” Keyworth, II – director. Board of Directors
Washington DC. Founded 1989. “The Progressive Policy Institute, the associated think tank of the Democratic Leadership Council, promotes a hawkish line on foreign policy agenda, including getting tough with Iran.” Will Marshall
– director. Board of Directors
Washington, DC. Founded 1997. Officially “defunct,” but has transmogrified into several other groups. William Kristol – director. Board of Directors
A successor group to the U.S. Committee on NATO, promotes reforms in post-Soviet states and has pressed a get-tough line on Russia.
Washington, DC. Founded in 1971 by Ralph Nader. Robert C. Fellmeth – director. Board of Directors
University of Missouri, St. Louis.
Rome, LA. Founded in 1957 by Joseph Rotblat, Bertrand Russell.
Santa Monica, California. Founded by Henry H. Arnold and Donald Wills Douglas, Sr. in 1948. James A Thomson – director (2008). Paul G. Kaminski, Chairman; Karen Elliott House, Vice Chairman; Michael D. Rich
, President and Chief Executive Officer. RAND Board of Trustees
London, UK. “Echoing the rhetoric of many pro-Israel hardliners in the United States, Réalité EU is a London-based outfit that promotes aggressive European policies toward Iran and other extremist “threats” in the Middle East. …” “Expert Sources”
Los Angeles, California. Founded 1968. “Reason Foundation advances a free society by developing, applying, and promoting libertarian principles, including individual liberty, free markets, and the rule of law.” David Nott, president (since 2001); Thomas E. Beach, Chairman. Board of Directors
Founded 2007. “The RoFF is a network of static websites that explain the basics of liberty, capitalism and natural law.” Resources: The Cato Institute, The Heritage Foundation
. <<<Ergo, scoundrels, I assure you
Alexandria, Virginia. Founded in 2001 by John McCain and Bob Kerrey. “A multi-issue think tank that champions the national interest by formulating and advocating meaningful reform in vital areas of public policy, including campaign finance and election reform, energy and climate stewardship, homeland security, immigration reform and economic policy.” Riiiight
| Funding/Staff/Advisors/Board, etc
West Virginia University. Boards
* Edwin O. Reischauer Center for East Asian Studies, The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University
Sheldon G. Adelson to Fred S. Zeidman.
Triangle Park, North Carolina. “National Survey on Drug Use and Health, Cleaner Energy from Coal, Mental Illness Among Teenagers, Drug Metabolism and Toxicology.” Victoria F. Haynes – director (2008). Board of Directors
Berkeley, California. Founded in 2003 by George Lakoff. “Rethinking progressive politics, Reframing public debate, Changing public policy.” Bruce Budner – director.
Snowmass, Colorado. Founded in 1982 by Amory Lovins & L. Hunter Sheldon. “Public Policy Research Center.” Amory Lovins – director. Board of Directors
La Jolla, CA. Irwin Mark Jacobs – chair.
Santa Fe, New Mexico. Founded in 1984 by George Cowan, David Pines, Stirling Colgate, Murray Gell-Mann, Nick Metropolis, Herb Anderson, Peter A. Carruthers, and Richard Slansky. Board of Directors
Clearwater, FL. “Patriots in Action.” “Mission: To see that our elected officials reinstate, protect, defend, and adhere to the Constitution of the United States of America.” (I doubt it.) Fred Brownbill, president; Alex Snitker, executive director; Paul St. John; Karen Schoen; Mark Adams; Madeline Vance; Marielena Stuart.
The Scaife Foundations are a quartet of conservative foundations—the Sarah Scaife, the Carthage, the Allegheny, and the Scaife Family—that have served as the primary vehicles for the…
La Jolla, CA. Richard A. Lerner, M.D. – President. Richard A. Gephardt - Chairman of the Board.
The project of two hawkish pollsters, Secure America Now has released widely criticized polls implying popular U.S. support for hawkish Middle East policies.
Rita Katz, Josh Devon , Bruce Hoffman, Rohan Gunaratna, Gabriel Weimann.
* Social Contract Press
Berlin-Tiergarten, Berlin. Founded 1969. Jutta Allmendinger – director (2008). Board of Directors
The Society of Americans for National Existence is an anti-Muslim advocacy group that has spearheaded efforts to get U.S. states to pass laws criminalizing sharia law.
San Diego, CA.
Stanford University, Menlo Park, California. Founded 1946. Vernon E. Clark – director (2008). Board of Directors
Muscatine, Indiana. Founded by C. Maxwell Stanley in 1956.
Arlington, Virginia. Founded 1992.
Washington, DC. Founded by Michael Krepon in 1989. Jane Dorsey – director (2008). Board of Directors
U.S. Army War College, Carlisle, Pennsylvania. Douglas Lovelace – director (2008). Board of Directors
Cambridge, Massachusetts. Founded 1980. Lutz Unterseher – director.
Washington, DC. Founded 1937. Scott A. Hodge – director (2008).
The now-defunct internet magazine Tech Central Station served as a platform for advocates of militarist U.S. foreign policies, and is now published as TCSDaily on the website of the conservative TV program, Ideas in Action.
Boston, Massachusetts. Founded by Paul Raskin, Richard Rosen, Stephen Bernow, John Stutz, and David Nichols in 1976. “Tellus Institute works to advance a global civilization of sustainability, equity and well-being through research, education, and action.” Paul Raskin – director (2008).
* Terrorism Research Center (TRC)
Founded in 1996 and based in Arlington, Virginia – “training US military intelligence and related personnel to deploy to Afghanistan and Iraq,” “conducts research and analysis in the areas of counterterrorism and asymmetric warfare.”
“Third Way is the leading moderate think-tank of the progressive movement. Our aims: an economic agenda that is focused on growth and middle class success; a culture of shared values; a national security approach that is both tough and smart; and a clean energy revolution.” Jonathan Cowan
- President; Matt Bennett
- Vice President for Public Affairs; Nancy Hale
- Vice President for Strategy & Leadership Development; Jim Kessler
- Vice President for Policy. Board of Trustees: John L. Vogelstein
– Chairman; Bernard L. Schwartz
– Chairman Emeritus; David Heller
This Brussels-based organization, founded by the American Jewish Committee, has served as an outlet for neoconservative advocacy in Europe.
* Trilateral Commission
The neoconservative-aligned UANI recently launched a new program aimed at pressuring companies that do business with Iran by threatening legal action if they don’t “fully disclose” business dealings in Iran.
The “nonpartisan” UN Watch, which devotes most of its energy to lambasting UN criticism of “Israel,“ has counted on the financial support of the American Jewish Committee, the Becker Foundation, and a handful of other private donors in recent years.
Kalamazoo, Maine. Founded 1945. Randall W. Eberts – director (2008).
This neocon-aligned advocacy group has endeavored to paint itself as a centrist organization, “just the ultimate lobbyists and powerbrokers for a Free and Democratic Lebanon.”
Founded to push for the expansion of NATO after the end of the Cold War, the U.S. Committee on NATO was a neocon-led initiative closely tied to hawkish political factions in the United States.
Washington, D.C. Founded 1984. Richard H. Solomon – president & CEO Tara D. Sonenshine – vice-president. J. Robinson West - chairman of the board of directors.
Washington, DC. Founded in 1968 by Lyndon B. Johnson. Joel L. Fleishman -director (2008).
Columbia, South Carolina. Founded in 1961. Gordon B. Smith – director (2008). Board of Directors
Washington, DC. Founded by by Martin Indyk and the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) in 1985. Robert Satloff – executive director. Board of Directors
Providence, Rhode Island. Founded by Thomas J. Watson, Jr. in 1981. Michael Kennedy – director (2008). Board of Directors
* John S. Watson Institute for Public Policy
The John S. Watson Institute for Public Policy is non-partisan research institute on public policy located at Thomas Edison State College in Trenton, New Jersey. “The institute’s goal is to support and strengthen partners’ abilities to address critical issues as they arise, rather than focusing narrowly on a particular crisis or “hot issue” and departing.”
Harvard University. Founded 1958. Steven B. Bloomfield – director (ca. 2008).
The Weekly Standard is the flagship publication of contemporary neoconservatism. William Kristol
- Editor; Fred Barnes
- Executive Editor.
Washingon University in St. Louis.
San Francisco, California. Founded 1995. Glen Harvey – director (2008). Board of Directors
* Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars
Princeton, New Jersey. Founded 1968. Lee H. Hamilton – director (2008). Board of Directors
Princeton, New Jersey. Founded 1930. Christina H. Paxson – director (ca. 2008). Board of Directors
“The Workmen’s Circle / Arbeter Ring is a national organization with members across North America. Created a century ago by Jewish immigrants in New York City, The Workmen’s Circle engaged hundreds of thousands of Jews in mutual support and community building, with an inclusive commitment to ‘social justice,’ and a big tent approach to Jewish culture and heritage.”
Cambridge, Massachusetts. Founded in 1910 by Edwin Ginn. Robert I. Rotberg – director. Board of Directors
New York, New York. Founded in Harry B. Hollins and C. Douglas “Dillon” in 1982. Michelle Wucker – director. Board of Directors
“WorldPublicOpinion.org is an international collaborative project whose aim is to give voice to public opinion around the world on international issues.” Board of Advisors/Staff/Supporters
Washington, DC. Founded in 1974 by Lester Brown. Tom Crain – director (2008). Board of Directors
Morton A. Klein – President; Steve M. Goldberg – Vice Chairman; Eric Cantor, U.S. Congressman – board member. Etc., etc., etc.